Vera Eisenmann
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Equidae monodactyles

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RLB Lower incisors (E. occidentalis, Dents Jugales et Incisives photos)

Saturday 18 April 2020 by Véra Eisenmann


Caballines from Natural Trap (North American Caballines)

Thursday 9 April 2020 by Véra Eisenmann
Natural Trap Caballine, Text Natural Trap Caballine, Figures


Caballines from Hay Springs (North American Caballines)

Thursday 9 April 2020 by Véra Eisenmann
There are three caballine crania from the Irvingtonian (300 BP?) of Hay Springs, Nebraska. E. niobrarensis, Hay 1913, type skull UNSM 4999 I have studied only a cast of the type; Azzaroli mentioned the original appeared to have been heavily reconstructed. E. hatcheri, Hay 1915, type skull (...)


First North American Caballines (North American Caballines)

Thursday 9 April 2020 by Véra Eisenmann
I consider as certain ‘Caballines’ fossils in which cranium, and upper cheek teeth, and lower cheek teeth have caballine characters. 1. According to Azzarroli (1998) the first caballine in North America may be represented by the right mandible UNSM 93078, a fragmental jaw UNSM 93082, and two MT (...)


Caballines Nomenclature (Caballins)

Sunday 29 March 2020 by Véra Eisenmann
What name use for ‘Horses’? E. ferus. Whatever was the ‘Tarpan’, its presently available osteological remains are limited to one complete skeleton (St Petersburg : ZIN 521) and one isolated slull without mandible (Moscow : MGU 94535). Moreover, both Tarpans were old and castrated. Other specimens (...)


Caballines Characters (Caballins)

Sunday 29 March 2020 by Véra Eisenmann
SKULLS The Franck’s Index, is commonly supposed to characterize true (i.e. caballine) Equus, and discriminate them from other extant Equus (Forsten and Eisenmann 1995). The Franck’s Index compares the distance from Staphylion (posterior border of palate) to Hormion (posterior border of vomer), (...)


E. scotti, Limb bones Data (Rock Creek, Texas E. scotti)

Thursday 26 March 2020 by Véra Eisenmann


E. scotti, Cheek teeth Data (Rock Creek, Texas E. scotti)

Thursday 26 March 2020 by Véra Eisenmann


E. scotti, Skulls Data (Rock Creek, Texas E. scotti)

Thursday 26 March 2020 by Véra Eisenmann


E. scotti AMNH 10607, lower cheek teeth (E. scotti Lower cheek teeth photographs)

Thursday 26 March 2020 by Véra Eisenmann


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