Vera Eisenmann

Vera Eisenmann

Les amateurs de Chevaux, curieux de leur évolution, trouveront ici quelques articles publiés à leur intention dans la rubrique « Diffusion des connaissances ».

Toutefois la majeure partie du site, toujours en construction, est destinée à des spécialistes et fournit des informations (sytème de mesures, mesures, illustrations, photographies, commentaires, bibliographie) concernant l’ostéologie des Equidés. Pour le moment, c’est surtout les Equidés actuels et quelques Equus fossiles (Equus, Allohippus, Plesippus) qui sont documentés.
En ce qui concerne les Hipparions au sens large, mes données sur les formes d’Amérique du Nord (Merychippus, Cormohipparion, etc.) sont disponibles (en anglais) ainsi que celles sur certains Hipparions de l’ex-Union Soviétique, de France et de Grèce.

Mode d’emploi.

Les numéros (1, 2, 3, etc.) dans les tableaux font référence à des mesures décrites dans les rubriques « Outils – Système de mesures pour les os et les dents d’Equus (et d’Hipparions) ». Chaque os est figuré avec les légendes corespondantes, mais il faut cliquer sur les vignettes pour que le dessin apparaisse en taille normale.
La rubrique « Outils » contient aussi des explications pratiques concernant des méthodes d’étude (diagrammes de Simpson, estimations de hauteurs au garrot, différenciation des premières phalanges antérieures et postérieures, etc.).


Most of this site is, and will be, devoted to equids from Merychippus to extant Equus. The information (metric data, photographs, bibliographic references) is given in order to help research specialists or students with their work. Some publications (in « Diffusion des Connaissances ») are intended for a broader public.
The main linguage of this site is French but many articles were translated in English (in particular those in « Tools » concerning methods of measurements).

Instructions for use.

Numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.) inside the tables refer to measurements described in « Tools - System of measurements for Equus (or Hipparion) bones and teeth » where corresponding illustrations and captions may be found for each bone (you have to click on the reductions to make them appear full-size).

The rubric « Tools » contains also practical explanations of techniques such as Simpson’s ratio diagrams, or « recipes » for calculating the withers height or for differenciating anterior and posterior phalanges.

Most recent articles

Most recent articles

Shungura Formation, VEO

Tuesday 28 April 2015

Tentative interpretation of Hipparion incisors morphologies

Tuesday 28 April 2015
Distinction between upper and lower incisors In upper incisors the occlusal mark (enamel ring corresponding to the infundibulum) is farther away from the lingual border and closer to the vestibular than in the lowers; the crown is more curved (Fig.1). Distinction between ‘evolved’ grazer forms (...)

Melka Kunturé, Ethiopie

Tuesday 28 April 2015

Principaux morphes de crânes caballins, diagrammes et tableau

Thursday 19 June 2014

Uncertain or problematic age

Saturday 1 March 2014
The Zoological Museum (ZM) of Kiev collections are very rich, including for instance the Equus caballus fossils from Dereivka and Mezin. Unfortunately when I visited in 1992, no curator was available to give me some crucial information as to the provenance and age of many fossils. In (...)

Historic Equus of Ukraine and Russia

Saturday 1 March 2014
It seems that the Tarpan phenotype is not uncommon in Russia and Ukraine at historic times. In Kiev, (Institute of Archeology collections). - From Vyshgorod (X° AD) there are upper cheek teeth with very short protocones - From Voijn (XI°-XIII° AD) one metacarpal resembles the type Tarpan. (...)


Saturday 1 March 2014
At the Institute of Archeology of Kiev are preserved fossils of several Kurgans. Those of Steblev date to the V° BC. AT K3 there is an upper premolar of E. hemionus. At all other Kurgans there is a small E. caballus (an almost complete skeleton at K6). - From Rusalka (IV° BC) there is an E. (...)

Ukraine VI BC-IV AD

Saturday 1 March 2014
In the Institute of Archeology at Kiev, there is a rich collection of historic Equus bones which was under study by Dr O.Zhuravlev when I visited in 1992. Dr Zhuravlev guided me and helped me in every way and I wish to express my sincere thanks to him and also to all of his colleagues who (...)

Bronze Age

Saturday 1 March 2014
The most interesting locality is Novaja Rozanovka (Late Bronze) because it includes absolutely certain Tarpan remains as already noted by Bibikova 1972. The Tarpan is represented by upper cheek teeth, a fragment of MC, and phalanges. Thre is also an upper M2 of E. hydruntinus (5446 of (...)


Saturday 1 March 2014
From the Enéolithic of Konstantinovka (III° mill. BC), Lower Don, there is at the Zoological Museum of Kiev a first phalanx of E. hydruntinus.

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