Detailed descriptions of each studied cranium are long and tiresome.
I have drawn Simpson’s ratio diagrams for each cranium and observed that, fortunately, most caballine crania fall approximately into one of the following groups.
1. Horse from Jaurens : on the diagram the largest (relative to (...)
What name use for ‘Horses’?
E. ferus. Whatever was the ‘Tarpan’, its presently available osteological remains are limited to one complete skeleton (St Petersburg : ZIN 521) and one isolated slull without mandible (Moscow : MGU 94535). Moreover, both Tarpans were old and castrated. Other specimens (...)
The Franck’s Index, is commonly supposed to characterize true (i.e. caballine) Equus, and discriminate them from other extant Equus (Forsten and Eisenmann 1995). The Franck’s Index compares the distance from Staphylion (posterior border of palate) to Hormion (posterior border of vomer), (...)