Uncertain or problematic age
The Zoological Museum (ZM) of Kiev collections are very rich, including for instance the Equus caballus fossils from Dereivka and Mezin.
Unfortunately when I visited in 1992, no curator was available to give me some crucial information as to the provenance and age of many fossils.
In particular there is a well preserved E. caballus cranium ("5814") with short protocones on the premolars of which I know nothing.
Fossils labelled "MK II" (may be Matveievskij kurgan?) certainly include E. hydruntinus cheek teeth and distal metapodials. One larger specimen may belong to a caballine. Two of these distal ends are strangely strangled above the supra-articular tuberosities.
Fossils labelled "KC" include teeth of E. hydruntinus and associated anterior and posterior phalanges probably also of E. hydruntinus.
Kalantaev is supposed to date to the VIII°-VII° BC century but Dr Zhuravlev of the Archeological Institute of Kiev told me that there were no horses known in Ukraine at that time.
"Dev Gor" is the label of two phalanges. They probably belonged to a Tarpan (see ratio diagram).
There is also a well preserved skull from Taburishche - a locality of uncertain age since 84 collagene samples were dated from Upper Pleistocene to Middle Holocene (Svistun 1968).
V.I Svistun, 1968. Fauna pozneantropogenovykh mlekopitaiushchikh Romanskogo alliuvial’nogo mestonakhojdenia, 3-56, 26 fig. tabl.34. In: Prirodnaia obstanovka i fauny proshlogo, Naukova Dumka, Ak. Nauk Ukr. SSR, Institut Zooligii, 4, Kiev.